Tricks about the CMD Commands

An A-Z Index of the Windows CMD command line
ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC Change file extension associations•
ASSOCIAT One step file association
ATTRIB Change file attributes
BCDBOOT Create or repair a system partition
BOOTCFG Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info
CACLS Change file permissions
CALL Call one batch program from another•
CD Change Directory - move to a specific Folder•
CHANGE Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks
CLIP Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS Clear the screen•
CLUSTER Windows Clustering
CMD Start a new CMD shell
CMDKEY Manage stored usernames/passwords
COLOR Change colors of the CMD window•
COMP Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS Compress individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT Connect or disconnect a Printer
CONVERT Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY Copy one or more files to another location•
CSCcmd Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE Import or Export Active Directory data
DATE Display or set the date•
DEFRAG Defragment hard drive
DEL Delete one or more files•
DELPROF Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR Display a list of files and folders•
DIRUSE Display disk usage
DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another
DISKPART Disk Administration
DNSSTAT DNS Statistics
DOSKEY Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSACLs Active Directory ACLs
DSAdd Add items to active directory (user group computer)
DSGet View items in active directory (user group computer)
DSQuery Search for items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMod Modify items in active directory (user group computer)
DSMove Move an Active directory Object
DSRM Remove items from Active Directory
ECHO Display message on screen•
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file•
ERASE Delete one or more files•
EVENTCREATE Add a message to the Windows event log
EXIT Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel•
EXPAND Uncompress files
EXTRACT Uncompress CAB files
FC Compare two files
FIND Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR Search for strings in files
FOR /F Loop command: against a set of files•
FOR /F Loop command: against the results of another command•
FOR Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List•
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT Format a disk
FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL File and Volume utilities
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE Display or modify file types used in file extension associations
GLOBAL Display membership of global groups
GOTO Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line•
GPUPDATE Update Group Policy settings
HELP Online Help
iCACLS Change file and folder permissions
IF Conditionally perform a command•
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup
KILL Remove a program from memory
LABEL Edit a disk label
LOCAL Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer
LOGMAN Manage Performance Monitor
LOGOFF Log a user off
LOGTIME Log the date and time in a file
MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MBSAcli Baseline Security Analyzer.
MEM Display memory usage
MD Create new folders•
MKLINK Create a symbolic link (linkd)
MODE Configure a system device
MORE Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE Move files from one folder to another•
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG Send a message
MSIEXEC Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MV Copy in-use files
NET Manage network resources
NETDOM Domain Manager
NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
NETSVC Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights
OPENFILES Query or display open files
PATH Display or set a search path for executable files•
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message•
PERMS Show permissions for a user
PERFMON Performance Monitor
PING Test a network connection
POPD Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD•
PORTQRY Display the status of ports and services
POWERCFG Configure power settings
PRINT Print a text file
PRINTBRM Print queue Backup/Recovery
PRNCNFG Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR Add, delete, list printers set the default printer
PROMPT Change the command prompt•
PsExec Execute process remotely
PsFile Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo List information about a system
PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList Event log records
PsPasswd Change account password
PsService View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend Suspend processes
PUSHD Save and then change the current directory•
QGREP Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.
RASDIAL Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI Change Registry Permissions
REM Record comments (remarks) in a batch file•
REN Rename a file or files•
REPLACE Replace or update one file with another
RD Delete folder(s)•
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
RUN Start | RUN commands
RUNAS Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)
SC Service Control
SCHTASKS Schedule a command to run at a specific time
SCLIST Display NT Services
SET Display, set, or remove environment variables•
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables•
SETX Set environment variables permanently
SFC System File Checker
SHARE List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file•
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP Wait for x seconds
SLMGR Software Licensing Management (Vista/2008)
SOON Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT Sort input
START Start a program or command in a separate window•
SU Switch User
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration
TASKLIST List running applications and services
TASKKILL Remove a running process from memory
TIME Display or set the system time•
TIMEOUT Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session•
TLIST Task list with full path
TOUCH Change file timestamps
TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
TREE Graphical display of folder structure
TSSHUTDN Remotely shut down or reboot a terminal server
TYPE Display the contents of a text file•
TypePerf Write performance data to a log file
USRSTAT List domain usernames and last login
VER Display version information•
VERIFY Verify that files have been saved•
VOL Display a disk label•
WHERE Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP Windows system diagnostics II
WINRM Windows Remote Management
WINRS Windows Remote Shell
WMIC WMI Commands
WUAUCLT Windows Update
XCACLS Change file and folder permissions
XCOPY Copy files and folders
:: Comment / Remark•

Tips for Website in Internet

How to load your designing Website in Internet Quickly ?

People want a faster internet.  The marketing  of Verizon’s Fios proves this.  On their website they state, “It’s not fast, unless it two-way fast.” And, “fastest upload speeds available.”  Speed is an important quality, no t just for the internet in general, but in individual sites as well.  Here are some tips for creating a website that loads quickly so you can keep up, not just with the competition, but also with your visitors on the internet.

Graphics and images take longer to load so it makes sense that using less images or smaller graphics will improve your loading speed.  Pages that are professional, simple, and organized are much faster and garner more traffic than pages filled with advertisements and graphics.  Many web experts recommend a picture be no more than 12kb for optimal loading and correct display on various browsers.  If you have an important graphic that is larger than these specifications, showing a thumbnail view that visitors can click on to enlarge, or even download is an easy solution that doesn’t affect your page’s loading capability.  If it is possible to substitute menus for the graphics on your site without damaging the quality or message, this is a very simple answer to a slow-loading site’s problem.

Gif files and flash animations are a great choice for getting people’s attention but they are notorious for loading much more slowly.  Be sure if you include either of these effects on your site that they are really necessary and as short as possible to optimize your speed as much as you can.  After all, would be better not to have the animation and have people look around your site or have them wait, see your animation, decide they spent long enough surfing the page, and leave?

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are made up of straightforward HTML code, so they are very quick to load.  Web designers should know this and incorporate CSS into their pages as creatively and effectively as they can.  Another tip is to keep an eye on the site you have designed by visiting it occasionally to test how well it loads.  According to experts, “Most visitors are time savvy and they really don’t have to waste their time waiting for the loading of the site.”  Optimizing your website in every way you can to ensure a fast, efficiently loaded webpage is very important to the success of that site.

Tips about Web Solutions

Globe Web Solutions

Globe Web Solutions conquered concept triggered once as an innovative idea has evolved to surpass the traditional business approach. Better marketing strategies, better online communication and extended reach to targeted audiences are some of the many benefits offered by online business. The Globe Web Solutions providing companies have helped businesses from various domains to withstand the ever-growing competition by providing custom web solutions.

Website Designing

For a strong online presence, you need to have a powerful website support and this is where you feel the need of web solutions providers. These companies are equipped with various website designing tools to entertain your online business needs.

Web Hosting

Once you are ready with a decent website design, you need to put it on-air and make sure it never goes off. For this, you are again dependent upon web solutions companies for services like web hosting and web server support. Online storage and back-ups are other great solutions offered by these companies and required by your business.

Website Marketing

Website marketing and search engine optimization (SEO) can decide the ranking of different websites online. The companies offering web solutions are well-versed with all these techniques to help you achieve business goals in a time-effective manner.

If you feel like your website design company is speaking Greek, you’re not alone. We web designers use web design technologies day after day and we’ve developed our own little language that often leaves the real world completely clueless. After working with many customers that seem oblivious to what I’m talking about, I determined to write an article explaining web design technology in plain English so the general public can better understand when discussing things with a website development company.

A term you may hear your website development company use that sounds confusing is CSS. This abbreviation stands for cascading style sheets. Basically, CSS enables a designer or programmer to control the way documents are visually presented. For instance, a default font may be set using CSS, then the style sheet can be used on various pages in the website ensuring that they are all consistent in looking. Because the style sheet is used throughout the site, it only downloads once, so the site will load faster and give quicker access to its visitors. CSS can also be used to modify the look of forms, text color, and more.

Another abbreviation you may run across in communications with a website design company is HTML. HTML stands for hyper text markup language. HTML is what makes up most of the websites you see from day to day. Take a look at the address bar. Notice how the website address ends with .html? This means that it’s a “static html” page or in other words; there’s no programs or databases being used. “Static” is a term that basically means unchanged. In most cases the page was manually made. An example of a “dynamic” page would be a results page of search engine. Let’s say you search for “Website Development Company”. The search engine then retrieves all of the matching information from a database and puts it onto the page you’re viewing. If search engines had to use “static html” pages for every single search result they simply couldn’t exist. For the millions of searches made every day and the constant updating search engines requires to do it would be impossible to create enough pages to accommodate what search engines need to keep up with.

So now you may find yourself asking, what is a dynamic page? A dynamic page is usually made up of two things. First you have the template, which is the part of the page that won’t need to change. This is most commonly the top menu or “header” and/or the bottom menu or “footer”. In most sites they will use the same header and footer throughout the website. The second part is the dynamic part of the page. Let’s say the website was designed for real estate. If the website design company enabled it with a search character, you could search for a home with your desired specifications. So if you searched for a 2 bedroom home in your town, the program then runs through the database pulling all the listings that match your query (search).

Tips about SEO

How to optimazation your Website in search engine ?

You can learn the process of website search optimization which can increase your website traffic, but you also have another choice, you can hire a SEO firm to optimize your website.

1. Make sure that your domain name is optimized for search engines.

The domain is basically the first thing that you would need to decide on once you start planning to put up a website. It would be important to ensure that your keywords or your keyword phrase in is the domain name itself. If you are offering tips on how to get pregnant, then you could choose a domain name such as or

2. Make sure that your file names for documents and images also have your keywords.

This is because it would make it easier for search engine spiders to read a file name of tipstogetpregnant-chart.jpeg for an image is also important.jpeg if your website is all about the different tips on getting pregnant.

3. Plan out the design of your website.

As you create a design of your website, keep your visitors’ needs in mind. This would mean that the design you would be using should be easy to read and easy to navigate, regardless of the internet proficiency of your visitors. The layout of your website should be clean and uncluttered. Your content should be clear and concise. After making sure that your website has a design that is visitor-friendly, you would also need to make sure that search engines would be able it easily as well.

Search engine spiders usually read your website by going through your HTML code. Try to look at your website in the source code view or in the HTML view of the HTML editor which you are using. Make sure that image names include your keyword or keywords so that the search engine spiders have some text to read. Also, if you are making use of CSS or javascript in the head segment of your page, then it would be better to put the CSS coding in a CSS file and the javascript code in another file. By doing this, the search engine spiders could find and go through the text as easily as a human visitor can.

4. Title tags should be keyword optimize and make sure they are on each of your web pages.

To be able to properly carry out your website search optimization, each web page should be treated as if it was a website on its own. This would mean that each of your pages has to have its own title tag. Doing this would also prevent the search engine spiders from thinking that they have found duplicate content, preventing them to just skip the pages. It would be good to use your keyword or keyword phrases in your title tags. For instance, if your website is about tips on how to get pregnant, you could have the following title tags for your web pages: what to eat to get pregnant; exercises to do to get pregnant; and what you need to know before getting pregnant.

5. Do not forget to include a site map on your website.

A site map would not only make it easier for visitors to navigate through your website, but it would also help the search engine bots to locate all of your pages. This would particularly be useful if you have website that has 1000 pages. After creating your site map, remember to create links to it from your home page and from other pages of your website.

6. Content which are published on your website should be unique and imformative as you need to undate the website or blog regularly.

You probably know the saying “content is king” and in today’s online scene, it still is. This is probably one of the more important things that you would need to do as you do your website search optimization. Make sure that the articles and guides that you publish on your website are unique and of great quality. You need to provide readable and interesting content to your visitors. Your keywords or keyword phrases should also be cleverly inserted in the text of your articles. It would also be essential to regularly post or publish new content. By publishing quality content on a regular basis, your website would definitely have a better shot in getting a higher ranking in search engines.

Tips about Website create by CSS

Is Your Business Website Ready for Css?

What is CSS ?

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a great tool to add a unique look to your web pages.  CSS enhances fonts, colors, and even the spacing of your web pages.  It is a useful tool to let you separate your HTML content from your style. For example, you can use your HTML file to create and organize the content, but all of the visual presentation including the background, fonts, colors, link effects, text formatting, and spacing are created with a CSS file.

Benefits of CSS

As discussed, CSS makes it easy for you to separate the style and layout of your HTML files from their informational content.  This means you can determine the look of your site in one file, and change the whole site by modifying that single file. It also means you can make your HTML changes by accessing one file.

This structure provided by CSS also means that you can work with your web pages so that they look good on any browser.  For example, a page on Mozilla can look very different than a page seen on internet explorer.  CSS eliminates that difference.

CSS gives you more control over how your pages look because it is a more detailed mechanism than HTML.  HTML wasn’t designed for style, it was designed for document structure.  CSS was designed for style.  This means it is easier for you as a business owner seeking brand development and recognition to define your “look” and give it a unique and consistent feel.

Users say that CSS also prints better than HTML documents.  Important if visitors are accessing your content, which they hopefully are, printing it, and taking it with them or better yet – sharing it with their friends and associates.  Additionally, the pages allow visitors to print the entire page as opposed to the partial pages that HTML often prints.

CSS decreases your page size significantly, making it easier for your visitors to load your site and all relevant graphics and copy.  It also means that your web pages can be seen quickly and clearly with handheld browsers.  This is huge because many people are now surfing the internet on their cell phones, smart phones, and PDAs.  If your site doesn’t load quickly, chances are people are going to leave.  If your site is quickly and clearly accessible – you may have a new customer!  Additionally, it will take up less space on your server if you’re running close to your limit – and save you less money if you’re being charge by bandwidth.  This is because CSS requires less code.

CSS enables you to position the code for your content at the top making your page search engine friendly. Properly marked up, HTML pages can easily found and properly categorized by search engines.

It is also fairly easy for anyone to learn because CSS already uses well-known coding elements and principals.

The benefits of CSS include making your web site:
• Faster to create
• Easier to maintain or change
• More adaptable to fit new and emerging technologies
• Compact
• Neater and cleaner in the HTML code

How do I use CSS ?

Cascading Style Sheets can be used in two ways - internally or externally. When used internally the CSS code is placed within the ‘head’ tags of each HTML file. The HTML code basically looks just like this:
<style type=”text/css”>

Externally, your CSS code that would be placed in the HTML file is now placed in a separate file and linked to the location. The file type for the CSS code can be created with any text or HTML editor such as Notepad. Once created there are two ways you can link to your CSS file:

1. In the head section of every (X)HTML file, appearing as:

<link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css”rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push(['_trackPageview', '/outgoing/article_exit_link']);” href=”style.css” mce_rel=”nofollow” onclick=”javascript:_gaq.push(['_trackPageview', '/outgoing/article_exit_link']);” href=”style.css” />
2. Using the @import method, appearing as:

<style type=”text/css”> @import url(Path to stylesheet.css) </style>

So what method do you choose?  That depends on what you need.  For example, internal is used when a designer needs to style only one page, or different pages with different styles.  Web page designers tend to prefer an external cascading style sheet. This is because, as noted earlier in the benefits list, you will only need to edit one CSS file to change the entire website. Webmasters also find external is better because they are easier to maintain, they’re more compact, and generally the appearance is easier to control and stylize.

Potential Concerns

Not all browsers can read CSS.  This is a real concern; however, the percentage has decreased to the point where less than 1% of browsers are affected.  What sites are affected?  Older browser versions, created before CSS was standard, including Netscape 4.0.  Because the vast majority of browsers are significantly newer than this, and because the World Wide Web Consortium has recommended the use of CSS, making it a widely acceptable and recognizable mechanism around the world, all concerns about using CSS are negligible.

Bottom Line

CSS is a tool that will make your web pages easier to organize and maintain, your website easier to change, your brand potentially stronger, your website more compact and easier to load, your search engine optimization will improve, oh and your pages will just look better.  There really isn’t a reason to not experiment with CSS and integrate it into your web site.  Once you begin using and designing with  CSS, you’ll likely find building sites is more fun, faster, and they look amazing.

Tips for CSS language

What you need to know about CSS !

Style sheet is a progressive breakthrough for the advancement of web. Today, more and more browsers are implementing style sheets, opening authors’ eyes to unique features that allow influence over presentation while preserving platform independence. The advantages of style sheets have become - apparent — and the disadvantage of continually creating more HTML tags — galore — for presentation effects with the gradual development of CSS.

Let’s understand CSS in the right perspective.

Style sheets in retrospect

Style sheets have been around in one form or another since the beginnings of HTML in the early 1990s.

As the HTML language grew, however, it came to encompass a wider variety of stylistic capabilities to meet the demands of web developers . With such capabilities, style sheets became less important, and an external language for the purposes of defining style attributes was not widely accepted until the development of CSS.

Teething problems with implementation of CSS

Many implementations of CSS are fraught with inconsistencies, bugs and other Authors have commonly had to use hacks and workarounds in order to obtain consistent results across web browsers and platforms.

One of the most well-known CSS bugs is the Internet Explorer box model bug; box widths are interpreted incorrectly in several versions of the browser, resulting in blocks which appear as expected in most browsers, but are too narrow when viewed in Internet Explorer. The bug can be avoided, but not without some cost in terms of functionality.

This is just one of hundreds of CSS bugs that have been documented in various versions of Internet Explorer,Netscape Mozilla , and Opera, many of which reduce the legibility of documents. The proliferation of such bugs in CSS implementations has made it difficult for designers to achieve a consistent appearance across platforms.

Currently there is strong competition between Mozilla’s Gecko layout engine, Opera’s Presto layout engine, and the KHTML engine used in both Apple’s Safari and the Linux Konqueror browsers - each of them is leading in different aspects of CSS. Internet Explorer remains the worst at rendering CSS by standards set down by World Wide Web Consortium as of 2005.

Some breakthroughs …

These problems have preisely led the W3C to revise the CSS2 standard into CSS2.1, which may be regarded as something of a working snapshot of current CSS support. CSS2 properties which no browser had successfully implemented were dropped, and in a few cases, defined behaviours were changed to bring the standard into line with the predominant existing implementations..

What makes style sheets significant enough?

Style sheet represents an enormous step forward for the Web. With the separation of content and presentation between HTML and style sheets, the Web no longer needs to drift away from the strong ideal of platform independence that provided the medium with its initial push of popularity. Authors can finally influence the presentation of documents without leaving pages unreadable to users

A style sheet is made up of style rules that tell a browser how to present a document. There are various ways of linking these style rules to your HTML documents, but the simplest method for starting out is to use HTML’s STYLE element. This element is placed in the document HEAD, and it contains the style rules for the page.

Functionality and Usage of CSS

CSS is well-designed to allow the separation of presentation and structure. Prior to CSS, nearly all of the presentational attributes of an HTML document were contained within the HTML code; all font colors, background styles, element alignments, borders and sizes had to be explicitly described, often repeatedly, in the midst of the HTML code.

CSS allows authors to move much of that information to a stylesheet, resulting in considerably simpler HTML code. The HTML documents become much smaller and web browsers will usually cache sites’ CSS stylesheets. This leads to a reduction in network traffic and noticeably quicker page downloads.

For example, the HTML element h2 specifies that the text contained within it is a level two heading. It has a lower level of importance than h1 headings, but a higher level of importance than h3 headings. This aspect of the h2 element is structural .

Customarily, headings are rendered in decreasing order of size, with h1 as the largest, because larger headings are usually interpreted to have greater importance than smaller ones. Headings are also typically rendered in a bold font in order to give them additional emphasis. The h2 element may be rendered in bold face, and in a font larger than h3 but smaller than h1 . This aspect of the h2 element is presentational .

Prior to CSS, document authors who wanted to assign a specific color, font, size, or other characteristic to all h2 headings had to use the HTML font element for each occurrence of that heading type.

Moreover, CSS can be used with XML, to allow such structured documents to be rendered with full stylistic control over layout, typography, color, and so forth in any suitable user agent or web browser.

CSS has its share of inconsistencies as well

CSS may at times be misused, particularly by the author of web documents. Some developers who are accustomed to designing documents strictly in HTML may overlook or ignore the enabling features of CSS. For instance, a document author who is comfortable with HTML markup that mixes presentation with structure may opt to use strictly embedded CSS styles in all documents. While this may be an improvement over using deprecated HTML presentational markup, it suffers from some of the same problems that mixed-markup HTML does; specifically, it entails a similar amount of document maintenance.

Discrepancies compared: CSS vs programming languages

CSS also shares some pitfalls common with programming languages. In particular, the problem of choosing appropriate names for CSS classes and identifiers may afflict CSS authors. In the attempt to choose descriptive names for CSS classes, authors might associate the class name with desired presentational attributes; for example, a CSS class to be applied to emphasized text might be named “bigred,” implying that it is rendered in a large red font.

While such a choice of naming may be intuitive to the document author, it can cause problems if the author later decides that the emphasized text should instead be green; the author is left with a CSS class called “bigred” that describes something that is green. In this instance, a more appropriate class name might have been “emphasized,” to better describe the purpose or intent of the class, rather than the appearance of elements of that class.

In a programming language, such a misuse might be analogous to using a variable name “five” for a variable which contains the value 5; however, if the value of the variable changes to 7, the name is no longer appropriate.

CSS in a nutshell

CSS is used by both the authors and readers of web pages to define colors, fonts, layout, and other aspects of document presentation. It is designed primarily to enable the separation of document structure (written in HTML or a similar markup language) from document presentation (written in CSS).

This separation provides a number of benefits, including improved content accessibility, greater flexibility and control in the specification of presentational characteristics, and reduced complexity of the structural content. CSS is also capable of controlling the document’s style separately in alternative rendering methods, such as on-screen in print, by voice (when read out by a speech-based browser or screen reader) and on braille based, tactile devices.

CSS allows complete and total control over the style of a hypertext document. The only way this can be illustrated in a way that gets people excited is by demonstrating what it can truly be, once the reins are placed in the hands of those able to create beauty from structure.

Tips for CSS information

Your One Stop for CSS Information
CSS has become a new platform in developing website nowadays. The novelty of CSS has redefined the limits of the webpage viewing experience. Once can see some websites at relatively easier way and at the same time fashionably tailor fit that would totally make it irresistibly chic.

While the appearance has been totally developed, another good thing about CSS is that you can find the World Wide Web as a functional and increasing database. This means that you can grab the file of one website and transfer it to another. Like if you have a video in the Youtube and you want to put it in your Myspace page. It can possibly be done with the use of CSS tools. In this way, there is a greater manipulation in the internet user than it was before the age of Web 2.0

While most of the advanced techniques in web development is only limited to the few elite who has undergone some training in advanced web development, it is a good thing that a website emerged to make advanced information on web development especially with CSS accessible to all. And that website is the The goal of the website is to become the ultimate source of information for web developers, whether one is beginning to develop the website and advanced one alike.

While there can be a lot of website about CSS in the internet, is committed to get one the latest information about web development in its CSS news. In this way, one cannot be behind what is the latest happening in CSS.

For those web developers who are after a catalogue of design for their website, it is best to view the site’s CSS gallery. Here, one can find a number of very interesting and neatly designed CSS templates that would suit everyone’ style. You cannot have that in an ordinary website.

For beginners, a mini-tutorial about CSS can be found in its CSS for beginners section. A great depth of information is found in this section. While CSS cannot be taught in just one setting, beginners will have to take the labor of studying CSS to make themselves a fully expert of this web development tool.

If the craving for information is not enough, one can interactively join the CSS forum section. Forums have been popular nowadays because of the craving for information. With this made possible, one can be able to communicate with other web experts to consult about some matters regarding CSS. And while getting the information, it would be absolutely free of charge. What makes it free? It is because of the feeling of being in community. CSS forums would make one feel that he belongs to a community and this where one can get help from others. With this forum, a new community of web developers emerged in one setting.

Getting the best source of information in web development is a web developer’s ultimate dream. While some sites cater on the basic information without getting to much grasp in the content, would be one’s FAQ site for CSS.

Tips for Digital Photography

Why Digital Photography?

Digital photography is quickly becoming the preferred way to take pictures. If you are in the market for a new camera, consider the following advantages of digital over traditional film photography.

In the long run, digital is less expensive. All photos are recorder are on memory device within the camera and then downloaded straight to your computer. You skip the need to keep buying rolls of film and paying for developing. You can send unlimited copies of the same picture to friends and relatives without spending a penny extra.

You see your pictures quicker. Most digital cameras allow you to view your photos immediately. There is no waiting and worrying about whether or not that “perfect shot” turned out. You can take a picture of that new baby and immediately download it to your computer to share your good good news with friends and relatives. There’s no need for anxious grandparents to wait days or even weeks for a picture.

Most digital cameras have built in editing features. Cropping and re-centering the picture to make it look its best can be done easily. You no longer have to worry about a stray hand distracting from the main subject of your photo. Sharpening can be done immediately to bring out the details. Within minutes you can have a print-perfect photo.

You avoid the frustration of running out of fill and having to find a store that is open in the middle of an important event or on vacation. Depending on the size of your memory card and the setting of file size and quality, which you often control, you can store a couple hundred pictures on one tiny card. That is the equivalent of nine or ten rolls of film.

These are just a few of the advantages of digital photography. It is definitely worth considering as you search for your next new camera.

Tips for External Laptop Battery buying

Universal External Laptop Battery Buying Tips

Most people own more than one laptop unit and of different brands. Owning a universal external laptop battery seems to be the most convenient way to have when you travel as it allows you to use it with any laptop computer unit when your power supply is running out.

It is true that taking care of your laptop battery is a priority as your mobile computer will be useless with a defective battery on it. There is a need to ensure that it works properly in order not to hamper your convenient usage of your notebook. Proper care of your laptop requires its storage in moderate temperature which is neither too cold not too hot. Your laptop battery will be short of power once it is cold and it will not discharge fast when it is hot. You need to frequently charge your battery to ensure it to be fully functioning well.

Going for a universal battery for laptops allows it to work on different models, brand, and units. There are varieties of choices available in most computer shops and online stores. But do know what type of universal battery to buy for your laptop?

One issue with laptop batteries is the danger of explosion. It may rarely happen but it does happen and anyone could be at risk when using poor quality battery for their laptops. Take note that lithium ion laptop batteries, which are commonly used in the market could explode owing to its cobalt oxide content.

Consideration may be directed also by choosing a laptop that is smaller in size such as ultra portable or light weight laptops. They have smaller LCD and it uses less power. It has a hard drive that runs only about 4200 rpm which uses less power than those than run at 5400 rpm. This makes your laptop battery drain less quickly.

Universal batteries for laptop use are available in different types according to the size of your laptop. A friend bought a nickel metal laptop battery which is suitable for her small size notebook. I want to buy one myself however I was advised it is not suitable for my laptop which is 16 inches. The most suitable one is the ED369 battery which is best for laptops that are 13 inches or more in size and when one uses a lot of external devices that requires more battery power. This battery provides 2 to 3 hours of power supply in normal conditions. Simply plug it into the AC adapter of the laptop and it is ready to use.

When buying a battery for your laptop always consider the size of your computer and the average consumption of power. You can choose from variable output voltage. Voltage of 16 and 19 v DC are enough to supply most laptops.

We are the huge battery company on sale laptop battery, laptop adapter, cordless drill battery, camcorder battery, camera battery, battery charger, mobile phone battery, PDA battery, two-way radio battery, all sell with price at rock bottom, 1 year warranty, 30  days money back, brand new, excellent customer service, 100% secure shopping guarantee.


Tips for GIF and JPEG image

The leading distinctions between GIF and JPEG.

 As you know there are 2 formats of web images, chiefly GIF and JPEG. Nevertheless not everyone is aware of the divergences between them. Our paper will be helpful to you to solve this issue.

GIF and JPEG are formats of net images. In these formats they are developed. It implies that in case a file possesses a .jpeg or .gif extension then a browser will recognize these files as image files. This fact has influence on the quality of a portal. Provided a file is able to load promptly into a browser, then such internet resource could be regarded as positive one. An web page should be not big in file size to get acceptable results. Here the GIF and JPEG formats may be much helpful. They compact images with the purpose to make them adapted to the web. In this way what are the leading divergences between GIF and JPEG?

GIF is a shortening from the Graphics Interchange Format. It was the first format invented to be made use of in web. It implies that the images in GIF may be read by all browsers of all releases. The following format comprises clarity. It is very favorable by the reason that it supplies with the possibility a graphic to blend with Gifs Backgrounds. You ought to also be aware of the LZW squeezing. It gives the chance the image not to loose its property while and after it is compressed. Provided an image consists of much amount of flat color then it is also recommended to use GIF. We ought to also do not forget that GIF can be animated and then they have the name of Animated Gifs.

JPEG is a shortening from the Joint Photographic Experts Group. The essential divergences from GIF is that files in JPEG format lose certain data after they are compressed. The property of a file in JPEG format relies the “size” of squeezing. Nevertheless the ratio of squeezing can be controlled. Provided a index of squeezing is very great, the size of an image will be small and the property will be subsequently worse. In comparison to GIF images for JPEG is better when there are a great number of colors. That is why this format is mainly used for photographic images. To show JPEG you ought to spend a little bit longer time as browsers are in need of certain time for its display.

As for GIF animation there are different types of them. In order to divide them without any difficulties they all are subdivided into categories. Such categories as Animals, Holidays, Food and Drinks, Sports, Transportation, computers and Technologies and a great number of others may be searched out. A particular notice is also passed to famous people, for example Beyonces Myspace. Among them a great number is dedicated to Michael Jackson. His abrupt death has astonished millions of his lovers. That is why hundreds of GIF-animated pictures have appeared dedicated to this prominent singer. You may also get a item of Michael Jackson’s masterpiece by doing addition some of his gifs.

We may make a conclusion that supposing there are a great number of different colors in an image then it is advisable to use JPEG. Provided an image is plain and flat then GIF ought to be used. Provided you are short of time then it is recommended in certain extreme cases to use GIF. You ought to also not forget that GIFs have some advantages. It implies that there are some special things that may not be done with JPEG in contrast to GIF

Tips for improving Words of your Booklets

Improving the Characters and Words of Your Booklets

One major thing that you will edit in terms of booklet printing and design are your characters and words. The images are not the only ones that need enhancing when booklet printing, since of course, text content is a major thing. 

In this guide, I will teach you a few tricks on how to improve the characters and words in your booklets. You can do these tricks even when you do cheap booklet printing to make them still look great and professionally made.

1. Making your fonts more interesting – you do not have to use the fonts provided by your application if you do not want to. You can make your fonts more interesting if you download fonts elsewhere that are more interesting. There are lots of different fonts from the Internet that can be useful. You should try to search and see if there are font styles that are perfect for your design. One way or another, you should be able to find a nice suitable font for your designs.

2. Making your words bolder – You can also try to adopt a simple and nice font effect to improve your words. Simply use the “bold”, “italics” and “underline” feature in your design software to make your text more interesting. You can use the bold effect to emphasize words and headings, and use italics on special and complicated words. The “underline effect” of course can also have many interesting uses for your text. So use them when you can.

3. Managing character sizes and spaces – You can also adjust and improve your words by managing their character sizes and spaces. In design software, you should easily change the spacing of the objects from the default average for a single line, to larger and thinner line spaces that you can specify. This can also apply to the font size as you can dictate the actual heights and widths of character spaces, making for a nice and more compact way of typing content.

4. Adding character borders – Now, for further emphasis on certain parts of your text, you may want to add some simple character borders in your headlines or special texts. This can also be called the “stroke effect” in your image layers. Character borders are basically an extra colored space around the outline of each character. You can specify usually how this outline is colored so that you can set it apart from the actual character color. This is great for logos or for special text in the cover since you can make the words look like a title or a sign in advertisements.

5. Mixing font types and sizes – Finally, you can also simply mix different font types and sizes. Sometimes two types of fonts can be a match to each other. One big and wacky type font can be a nice title, while a smaller type font that is more clear and straightforward can be used in tandem with it, used for the description of the title. This is an easy effect to do. It can have quite a good luck in most color booklets. Use this as an effect for your headings, subheadings.
Therefore, that is how you can improve the appearance of your booklet design in terms of characters and words. You can engage more readers by doing this, and make your advertising tool less boring. Good Luck!